Excavations 2017


This is a temporary blog for presenting the excavations of 2017 at Perdigões. Posts from 2011 to 2016 are still available.

Wednesday, 19 July 2017

0217 - And the protagonism to the stone structures...


... and to the Open Day: an opportunity to visit Perdigões and the excavations that are taking place there presently.


Tuesday, 18 July 2017

0216 - A day of protagonism of material culture


A large Late Neolithic spoon.


A flint arrow head.


Inlaid pottery decoration.


And a sun in a Late Neolithic bowl.

Monday, 17 July 2017

0215 - A special visit

Today, José Roquette, the main owner of the land occupied by Perdigões enclosure and of the Esporão company that partially supports the research, visited the site and was introduced to the news obtained in the recent work.


Here being escorted by me and Miguel Lago, while we were being filmed by Raul Lousada.

Friday, 14 July 2017

0213 - Half campaign

Reaching the middle of July campaign. Today we were investing in the Chalcolithic contexts, namely the stone structures.


 But also in the Late Neolithic pit 80, that is becoming deeper and “strange”. It seems to go under the geologic in some areas and part of the beginning of a “roof” has already collapsed, for the geologic is quite weathered.


 And here is the first two weeks team.


Tuesday, 11 July 2017

0212 - Discovery of the day

Part of a stone circular wall from a possible hut that, apparently (still some more work needed), was partially dismounted in prehistoric times. Something recurrent in other sites in Alentejo.


A practice that deserves some thought.

Monday, 10 July 2017

0211 - A new ditch.

The work is entering the second week.



And a new ditch was recognized today. Ditch 14 is a Middle Neolithic one and was cut by the Late Neolithic large pit 80. It is also cut (or is cutting?) ditch 13c1, also from Middle Neolithic, that cut the section 13c2b.  This shows a complex sequence of small enclosures of temporary nature.


Saturday, 8 July 2017

0210 - Complexity of ditches.


Any archaeological excavation must deal with some complex stratigraphic problems. Excavation and re-excavation of negative structures is one of them. At Perdigões earliest phases we are dealing with a ditch that shows episodes of re-cutting and segmentation. This image is clear of that complexity, not yet fully understood.

Thursday, 6 July 2017

0209 - Talks and holes

Last night we had our first street talk. Cate Freiman, for Australian National University, talked about Australian rock art. How it expresses contact, adoption, rejection, in sum, how it communicates the complex social relations between local cultures and newcomers.


 This morning we continued the excavations in the center of Perdigões. At the moment, and in a small area, we are excavating context from final middle Neolithic, Late Neolithic, Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age. That is to say, all the chronological span known so far for Perdigões.
One of the interesting things of the day: another large post hole, just a meter away from the one identified two years ago, is being excavated.


 And between the two post holes we can see the post located in the NE gate, that is orientated to the summer solstice (indicated by the arrow in the picture). 


Tuesday, 4 July 2017

0208 - The "Ianus"


The second phase of Perdigões 2017 campaign started yesterday. The first day was mainly dedicated to cleaning and put up the coverture. Today, we were already excavating. Nothing particularly significant is there to report yet. But there is always something new or different in Perdigões. In the top of a new pit there were two parts of jaws deposited together, but pointing to opposite directions: one was from a horse and the other from a pig. A “strange Ianus”.


Starting the second phase campaing